Jay-z essays on hip hops philosopher king

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Only one female artist has won Best Rap album of the year at the Grammy Awards since the category was added in Latinas, especially Cuban, Dominican and Puerto Rican women, are degraded and fetishized in hip hop. White women and Asian women are also fetishized in hip hop but not as much as Latinas, who are referred to as "Spanish". Latinas, especially Puerto Rican models and Dominican models, are often portrayed as an object of sexual desire in hip hop videos.

As well, the hip hop music community has been criticized with accusations of homophobia and transphobia. Until the s, hip hop music has excluded the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT community. This has perpetuated a culture in hip hop that is prejudiced towards queer and trans people, making it a tough culture for queer artists to participate in.

One of the more notable members of the LGBT community in hip hop is Frank Ocean , who came out in and has released critically acclaimed albums and won two Grammy Awards. Having its roots in reggae , disco , funk and soul music , hip hop has since expanded worldwide. Its expansion includes events like Afrika Bambaataa's releasing of Planet Rock , which tried to establish a more global harmony. In the s, the British Slick Rick became the first international hit hip hop artist not native to America. From Yo! Hip hop has been cut, mixed and adapted as it the music spreads to new areas.

Early hip hop [ by whom? However, with the emergence of commercial and crime-related gangsta rap during the early s, violence, drugs, weapons, and misogyny , were key themes. Socially and politically conscious hip hop has long been disregarded by mainstream America in favor of its media-baiting sibling, gangsta rap. Black female artists such as Queen Latifah , Missy Elliott , and MC Lyte have made great strides since the hip hop industry first began.

By producing music and an image that did not cater to the hyper-sexualized stereotypes of black women in hip hop, these women pioneered a revitalized and empowering image of black women in hip hop. These artists seek to expand ways of traditional thinking through different ways of cultural expression. In this effort they hope to elicit a response to female hip hop artists not with a misogynist lens but with one that validates women's struggle.

Many have written about these intersections of hip-hop and feminism. In her article, Shange discusses the inability to categorize Nicki Minaj's music as either specifically hetero or homosexual. She says that Nicki uses a sort of strategic queerness that uses her sex appeal both ways to attract her audience. Shange writes how even when looking at Nicki's music and persona from a homonormative lens, she defies categorization. She goes on to describe how Minaj "is a rapper whose critical, strategic performance of queer femininity is inextricable linked to the production and reception of their rhymes.

Jay-Z: Essays on Hip Hop's Philosopher King

In addition, there is a vibrant scene outside the mainstream that provides an opportunity for women and their music to flourish. Queen Latifah used her award-winning song "U. However, many contemporary females in hip hop do not embody this mindset and counteract it. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the culture in general. For the music genre, see Hip hop music. For other uses, see Hip hop disambiguation. This article or section possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. March Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Main article: Turntablism. Main article: Rapping. Main article: Breakdancing. Main article: Beatboxing.

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Main article: Hip hop production. Many black rappers--including Ice-T and Sister Souljah--contend that they are being unfairly singled out because their music reflects deep changes in society not being addressed anywhere else in the public forum. The white politicians, the artists complain, neither understand the music nor desire to hear what's going on in the devastated communities that gave birth to the art form.

This section may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. You can help. The discussion page may contain suggestions.

December Main article: List of hip hop genres. This section does not cite any sources.


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Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Latina stereotypes in hip hop.

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Main article: Homophobia in hip hop culture. This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. United States portal.


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