Profile essay of a police officer
Its function: to detect connections between corruption and organised crime, in cooperation with the "Criminal Police Service and Investigation Unit of the Czech Police for Revealing Organised Crime". This unit targets petty everyday corruption, involving low-level employees of the state who abuse their power for personal gain. Including automated cameras at traffic lights sending infringements directly to a driver, avoiding any physical interaction with a policing officer.
When asked specifically about public perceptions of police corruption, a rating of 2 was given with 1 being least corrupt and 5 being most , which was lower than the perceived corruption in any other sector surveyed, other than education which also was rated a 2. Danish police have a respectable reputation of not being associated with corruption and the public have great trust in the Danish police force.
Although corruption is a rarity amongst Danish Police, there are effective procedures in place for the investigation and punishment of any police corruption. In , the Police Complaints Authority received complaints,  with most cases involving accusations of general misconduct such as traffic violations e. Estonia's experiences of corruption in general, and more specifically, corruption in the police force are low in comparison to the European Union's average. Their primary purpose is to investigate instances of corruption crime, committed only by public servants.
The general police are governed by the Police Board who have an Internal Control Division who are responsible for the investigation of misconduct and corruption. The Police board is in control of investigating smaller instances of corruption, as well as those cases concerning civic officials. The aim of the strategy is to both raise awareness and educate the population of corruption and corruption-willingness. Therefore, the Ministry of Justice pays close attention to these areas and have set about implementing strict measures and bodies to govern all law enforcement agencies.
While the anti-corruption strategy has greatly assisted in decreasing levels of corruption in the general police force, the rate of corruption in the Border and Custom Guard Agency is still fairly high. Due to Estonia's position on the border of the European Union EU their Border and Customs Guards come in contact with a great deal of organised crime and immigrants wanting to cross the Eastern border of Estonia into the EU.
The result being many officials in this agency see the opportunity to increase their wealth through corruption and in turn accept bribes to let immigrants into Estonia and the EU. In the Permanent Mission of Estonia, the Estonian Government states the aim of all anti-corruption strategies set up in their country is to ensure their population is allowed full enjoyment of their human rights.
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Finland has been found to consistently be one of the world's least corrupt nations. In terms of police corruption, regular surveys of the public are taken in order to gauge perceptions of transparency in law enforcement officials. The Police Barometer survey found that one in four Finns think that it is very likely that corruption exists in some form within the Police. More recent surveys show significant changes in the figures, however. The story on Aarnio broke in September , and in June the former head of the Helsinki drug squad was sentenced to 20 months imprisonment for aggravated abuse of office from to and for taking bribes from a private company.
In , The Central Service for the Prevention of Corruption was also established in France to prevent corruption and transparency of economical life and public procedures. There are limited studies or reports on police corruption within France because the issue is generally avoided by official institutions and no institution has a comprehensive understanding of its prevalence.
This may be due to a lack of attention from media and other social science areas. One explanation for institutional corruption in France is the hierarchical police system. This is due to higher rankings and specialised units having more discretion and being at higher risk of corruption. Areas that have a heavy presence of organised crime, such as Marseille, are known to experience higher levels of police corruption.
In , twelve French police officers were apprehended after an internal complaint was lodged into suspected corruption within the elite anti-crime squad, also known as the Brigade Anti-Criminalite BAC that operates within the Marseille north. This region is known for high drug activity. Despite attention being brought to the head of Centrale Directorate of National Security, Pascal Ladalle, a full-scale judicial enquire was not undertaken until the new police chief of Marseille was appointed.
A total of 30 officers from the squad have been suspended for allegedly seizing drugs, money, cigarettes and jewellery from dealers and letting them go. The seized narcotics, money and valuables were all found in a makeshift ceiling at their station after a few months of investigation and surveillance. Investigations are still pending. One of Stuber's duties was to destroy drugs seized from operations; however between and , the officer instead traded narcotics including marijuana, heroin and cocaine to an established drug network. In addition to this, Stuber also imported drugs from various other networks.
The former captain had an intimate relationship with a worker from the local court, Laurence Hamon, where they would use court information to ensure his drug network associates were not under investigation. This method was also employed to avoid tracing mechanisms imposed by the Inspection Generale de la Police Nationale to detect any abuse of information.
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Stuber worked closely with Laurence, using her residence to store the seized drugs and her banking accounts to launder money. Stuber was jailed for the maximum term of 10 years. The substantial legislation covering corruption offences within the German Criminal Code is indicative of the importance placed on combating this type crime in Germany. In general, corruption is construed as an individual offence, although it is possible to be prosecuted for actions committed on behalf of a corporation under the Administrative Offences Act.
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Alongside civil servants, judges and other public officials undertaking or appointed a public administrative role, police officers may be held liable for criminal prosecution for corruption-related offences under Sections of the German Criminal Code. An advantage involves any type of benefit that may improve the individual's financial, legal or personal standing, which they are not legally entitled to receive.
Additionally, pursuant to Section of the German Criminal Code, the past or future undertakings of an official act e. In addition to legislation, strategic approaches which target all German government bodies, including the police, are employed through the Federal Government Directive concerning the Prevention of Corruption in the Federal Administration.
Public perception of police corruption is low among German citizens according to the Special Eurobarometer on Corruption report. Despite the more than half of German respondents perceiving a prevalence of corruption in German society, the actual experience of corruption is quite low.
Police officer profile essay
Transparency International surveys show that Greece ranks high among European Union nations in terms of perceptions of corruption. From to , during the height of the Greece's debt crisis, the annual Transparency International reports showed that Greeks ranked second-most corrupt among EU countries, behind only Bulgaria.
Bribing police officers is common in Greece. Citizens may offer the police monetary sums as a way of avoiding getting a ticket or in order to obtain a drivers license. Particularly as the state is an optimum destination for those seeking asylum, due to its many small islands and borders being difficult to patrol.
It is not unusual for Greek police to provide fake documentation and plane tickets to illegal immigrants. A trafficker's circuit was discovered in the Santorini police department as recently as June However, the police performed only rudimentary checks, and permitted the migrants to board the flights. It is housed in Greece within the Hellenic Police Internal Affairs division, established in and has staff.
Hungarian criminologist Geza Finszter has named Hungary a fundamentally dishonest society. Due to this, real justice is nearly impossible to achieve.
This leads to corruption which is reflected in many aspects of its society, including politicians, judges, and the police force. Police force corruption affects the criminal investigators who, have a greater amount of exposure to corruption than others. They are paid poorly, allowing well endowed criminals to corrupt them. In the National police Organised Crime Division, high-ranking officers, with possible underworld ties can choose to proceed or halt sensitive operations.
Transparency International claims that the government discourages its citizens when it comes to reporting corruption as no adequate protection measures have been implemented to help whistle blowers. Due to Hungary's geographical position that is bordering the former Yugoslavia and, its political history it has become a major crossroads for the transportation of narcotics between Asia and Western Europe.
It would appear that corruption is systematic and prevalent through the entirety of the Hungarian Criminal Justice system reaching as high as Judges and, not just its police force. Italy ranks at the same level or below eastern European countries in the Corruption Perception rating. The Italian Police Force is difficult to monitor in terms of corruption due to its decentralised nature. Due to the delegation of responsibilities between the branches it is the case that monitoring all of them with one centralised and independent body becomes extremely logistical and difficult.
The Guardia di Finanza is charged with the responsibility of regulating all financial dealings, within and outside of Italy. Police corruption in Latvia is more prevalent than it is in other EU states. This stems from the common practice of demanding bribes, for example at traffic stops.
In these situations a person has little option other than to pay the bribe and thus avoid a fine or more severe penalty. The motivations for corruption are not entirely clear. Public officials point to low salaries, which may explain a significant proportion of bribery incidents. It has a broad jurisdiction,  though most of its cases involve bribery offences.
Latvia is a relatively new Member state of the European Union, having only joined in A recent survey found that people in new member state countries, especially Latvia,  agree that bribery is the easiest way of obtaining certain public services than those in the original EU states. Additionally, Latvia has one of the lowest reporting rates for corruption in the EU,  and most Latvians do not believe the government's anti-corruption efforts are likely to be successful.
Two thirds of people in Lithuania prosecuted for corruption related offences between were police officers. Despite this, some progress to combat police corruption in Lithuania has been made by The Traffic Control Service is considered to be one of the most corrupt criminal justice bodies in Lithuania. Prior to , Traffic Control officers used to be empowered to issue on the spot fines far greater than their own salaries. As such, a common form of police corruption was known to occur where members of the public bribe traffic officers to avoid receiving expensive fines.
This particular power was one explanation to the high levels of police corruption specific to the Traffic Control Service. By the police force had put into place measures to prevent such corruption, including disciplinary measures that in extreme cases can lead to dismissal from service. Lithuanian government's stance against police corruption is evident through its creation of anti-corruption bodies as well as its introduction of various legislative measures.
Lithuania's anti-corruption system is considered compliant to the UN Convention against Corruption to which it signed in and ratified in In SIS was rated second, after the media, as the most effective anti corruption measure in Lithuania by whom? Previously SIS was a subordinate of the Ministry of Interior however in it became an independent agency.
Any member of the public can report potential cases of corruption to SIS. Established in , the Internal Investigation Service IIS is an internal police department that performs legal monitoring and is tasked with enforcing disciplinary sanctions when necessary. The IIS can investigate the actions of individual officers.leccentcarca.tk
Police Life Profile Essay | Safeena Basir
The IIS reports to one of the Deputy Commissioner Generals and has the ability to investigate cases of police corruption. As well as the Internal Investigation Service, the Immunity Service is responsible for preventing and investigating corruption within the Lithuanian police force. Despite these measures, the issue of police corruption in Lithuania continues to be prevalent.